A housewife made fruit pickles using unripe mango. During the preparation, she placed the mango slices in water and later placed them in sugar solution.
When the mango slices were in the water, it was found that the slices became turgid and their sizes increased. But when they were placed in the sugar solution, the slices became soft and shrunken.
Based on the above situation, plan a laboratory experiment to determine the concentration of sucrose which is isotonic to the cell sap of the mango.
The planning of your experiment must include the following aspects:
-Aim of investigation
-List of apparatus and materials
-Experimental procedure or method
-Presentation of data
To determine the concentration of sucrose solution that is isotonic to the cell sap of mango.
2. Problem statement
What is the concentration of sucrose solution will cause the mass of mango strip to remain unchanged?
//What is the effect of different concentrations of sucrose solution on the mass of mango strip?
The higher the concentration of sucrose solution, the lower the mass of the mango strip.
//The mass of the mango strip is unchanged when the mango strip is placed in 5% sucrose solution.
Manipulated variable: Concentration of sucrose solution
Responding variable: Mass of mango strip
Fixed variable: Type of plant//volume of sucrose solution//time to immerse the mango strip//initial mass of mango strip.
Cork borer, petri dishes, weighing scales/beam balance, knife
Mango, filter paper, sucrose solution 5%, 10%, 15%, distilled water
6. Technique used
Measure and record the mass of mango strip using the beam balance.
//Calculate the change in mass using formula:
Change in mass (g) = Final mass – Initial mass
1 Four petri dishes are labeled A, B, C and D.
2 Each petri dish is filled with sucrose solution as follows:
20 ml of distilled water
20 ml of 5% sucrose solution
20 ml of 10% sucrose solution
20 ml of 15% sucrose solution
3 Cork borer is used to obtain five cylindrical strips of mango.
4 Mango strips are cut so that the length is 50mm each.
5 Each strip is weighed to obtain the initial mass and the results are recorded in a table.
6 Each strip is placed in the respective petri dish and is left for 30 minutes.
7 The strips are taken out and dried with filter paper.
8 The strips are weighed again to obtain the final mass.
9 The results are recorded in a table.
10 The graph of concentration of sucrose solution against the mass of the strip is plotted.
1. Dry the mango strips thoroughly with filter paper.
2. Use more than 5 strips and find the average mass of mango strips.
8. Presentation of data
|Concentration of sucrose solution (%)||Average initial mass of strip (g)||Average final mass of strip (g)||Change in mass of strip (g)|
|A (0%)||Table Cell||Table Cell||Table Cell|
|B (5%)||Table Cell||Table Cell||Table Cell|
|C (10%)||Table Cell||Table Cell||Table Cell|
|D (15%)||Table Cell||Table Cell||Table Cell|
Hypothesis is accepted. The higher the concentration of sucrose solution, the lower the mass of the mango strip. The mass of the mango strip is unchanged when the mango strip is placed in 5% sucrose solution.
***Note : Responding variable: Length of mango strip***