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My name is Poon Cheng Moh. I have been teaching biology in SMK(P) Raja Zarina, Port Klang for 26 years. I sincerely hope that this blog on SPM Biology will be useful to both teachers and students.

Tuesday, February 5, 2013

Amali Poses Sains Biology Pg 12-13

Section A
1. a) X : Animal cell
  Y : Plant cell
  b) i) A plant cell has cell wall
ii) A plant cell has large vacuole
iii) A plant cell has chloroplasts.
c)     i) P : mitochondrion
ii) R : Golgi apparatus
      iii) S : Chloroplast
d)  -Completes the synthesis of carbohydrates and hormones
      - Processes, modifies and packs protein
e) Organelle P is a mitochondrion, which is the site for generating energy. Energy is required for cell division, excretion and respiration. If there is no organelle P, all cell activities will stop.
2. a) Stomach. Digestion of food
    b) Epithelial and smooth muscle
    c) The tissue which are found in the skin are epithelial tissues, connective tissues and nerve tissues. Epithelial tissues function as a protective layer. Connective tissues such as blood, supplies oxygen and nutrients to the skin. Muscle tissues are used for the movement of hair in the hair follicles of the skin. Nerve tissues receive stimulus and send impulses from the skin to the central nervous system.
d) Cells --> Tissues --> Organs --> System --> Organism

Section B (Please copy this into your small exercise book)

Controls cell activities and contains genetic material
Site for generating energy through cellular respiration
Site for photosynthesis
Golgi apparatus
Complete the synthesis of proteins, glycoproteins and hormones.
Animal cell
Plant cell
Both cells have nucleus, cytoplasm, plasma membrane, mitochondrion, ER, Golgi body, ribosomes
Has irregular shape
Has regular shape
No cell wall
Has cell wall
No chloroplast
Has chloroplast
Has glycogen granules
Has starch granules
Has lysosome
No lysosome
Has none or small vacuoles
Has big vacuoles

4. (a) Adaptations in the structure and physiology of a cell to carry out certain function

(b) Cell
- Both its structure and shape differ from one type to another.
- Each cell carries out specific function.
- A group of cells that have similar structures and perform similar functions form tissue.
-Epithelial tissue functions as a protective layer.
- Muscular tissues are able to contract and produce motion for movement purposes.
- Nervous tissues consist of neurons and are specialised in transmitting nerve impulses.
- A group of different types of tissues together to form an organ.
- Stomach is made up of epithelial and muscular tissues.
- Kidneys are made up of muscular tissues, connective tissues and epithelial tissues.
- A few organs interrelate to form an organ system.
- Digestive system consists of mouth cavity, oesophagus, stomach, intestines and pancreas.
- Respiratory system consists of lungs, trachea, bronchus and the nose.
- Nervous system consists of the brain and spinal cord.
- All the organ systems work together to form a multicellular organism.

Amali Proses Sains Biology Pg 7-9

Aim : To study the structures of animal and plant cells
1Iodine solution stained the starch grains found in the chloroplasts and in the cytoplasm of  Hydrilla sp. leaf cells to dark blue.  Iodine solution did not  stain the epidermal cells of an onion into dark blue.
2. To stain the nucleus of the cheek cell so that it can be seen clearly.
3. The cytoplasm and the nucleus will be stained yellowish brown. There are no starch grains to be stained dark blue.
4. i)The epidermal cells of an onion have cell wall and vacuole whereas the cheek cells do not have any
ii) Chloroplasts are present in the leaf cells of  Hydrilla sp. but absent in cheek cells.
iii) The epidermal cells of an onion and the leaf cells of  Hydrilla sp.  have regular shape whereas the cheek cells have irregular shape.
A cell from a green plant has regular shape, cell wall, large vacuole and starch grains.  An animal cell has irregular shape, does not have cell wall, large vacuole and starch grains.